Step 1--"Ksisimo" is the first step of the mastiha harvest, and involves clearing the area of round the trunk of the tree (known as "table"), from any rocks, leaves, and debris.
Step 2--The second step of the mastiha harvest entails using a leaf blower or a broom, to even more thoroughly ensure the table for the mastiha tears to fall, is crystal clean.
Step 3--The "riniasma" or the first "kendima" is the first set of incisions done on the tree to "wake it up" around July 15 at the official start of the mastiha harvest.
This is where the mastiha sap will start to slowly ooze from the tree, then drop and crystallize.
Step 4--After the first mastiha tears have dropped to the ground, and crystallized, they sometimes form big chunks called the "pita". The collection of this pita is called the "pitologima".
Step 5--After the first collection of mastiha, we continue kendima through the months of september to keep collecting mastiha from the skinos trees.
Koskinisma, is the placement of mastiha collected in a sieve, to sift through small rocks and dirt, so only the mastiha tears remain.
The last step in mastiha cultivation is called "Pastremma". Farmers clean the mastiha by hand before giving it to the Chios Mastiha Growers Association.
This is a huge part of the social fabric of the mastiho-horia, and happens in late September and October, primarily done by the women of the villages.